Tramadol for dogs : How does it work & Toxicity risk- 2016 Study.
Experiencing physical pain is almost an everyday occurrence for most dogs. There are just so many different situations in which your dog can hurt themselves and so many different kinds of pain. So, it would be impossible to list them all in one place. But in some cases, you will need to use Tramadol for dogs.
For this article, we would like to concentrate on the safe way to use Tramadol for dogs. How does Tramadol for dogs work?. How to use it?. What Is Tramadol for dogs Used For?. What are side effects of using it?. And finally how to deal with tramadol toxicity?.
1- Basic Information About Tramadol.
The first thing you should know about Tramadol is what is?. And how it can help your dog?. Tramadol is a drug used to fight pain. It is particularly good for moderate to moderately severe pain. It’s most common as a pain relief for things like osteoarthritis (a degenerative condition that affects several joints in the body), back pain, neuropathic pain (pain caused by chronic problems with the nerves) and post-operative pain.
Tramadol offers several advantages over some other common pain relief drugs. It works by changing the way the body perceives pain. In pain, the body secretes substances that send the pain signal to the brain. The way tramadol helps is by blocking the absorption of some of these substances, while increasing the serotonin reuptake, which helps to relieve the pain.
It works a little like morphine, but in a less aggressive way. Contrary to popular belief, Tramadol is NOT a NSAID (nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug). Therefore, it doesn’t have the particular side effects those drugs usually cause, like stomach ulceration, bleeding, kidney failure and liver dysfunctions. Tramadol has been extensively tested, and proven to be not a miracle drug, but to have true efficacy.
It is important to note, however, that while it is not a dangerous drug – in fact, it is even has some veterinary use – it still is a medical product and you should take certain safety steps before you start a treatment with Tramadol for dogs.
2 – Tramadol for dogs : How does it work? and What Is Used For?.
Tramadol for dogs is a oral drug commonly prescribed by vetinarians for canines. So, it is used to treat acute or chronic pain. While the drug does not is long term cure, it does help manage the animal’s physical suffering.
2-1- How does Tramadol for dogs work?.
Tramadol is different from other opioids, including Morphine in that it possesses a much higher degree of selectivity for receptor subtypes.
How exactly Tramadol works is not yet completely understood, but the general consensus among the medical experts is that it works by modulating norepinephrine and serotonin and that it also have a somewhat powerless mu-opioid receptor agonism. The fact how non-opioid action of this drug is helpful is shown by its analgesic effect.
Tramadol for dogs helps your pet in 2 ways. The first and most beneficial is that it promotes wellbeing by blocking constant routing of pain signal through your dog’s brain. The Tramadol reduces your dog’s pain by binding to and obstructing the pain receptors in the pet’s brain. Those pain receptors are what are used for transmitting the feeling of pain throughout the body to the brain. When those receptors blocked, the amount of pain the dog experiences is reduced.
This effectively shuts of the pain signal and allows your dog to relax and focus on healing. By shutting of the transmission for pain signals, Tramadol for dogs increases the communication of the positive, feel good neurotransmitters, serotonin and nor epinephrine. These are important to prevent depression in dogs that are dealing with pain.
The more limited impact is that it acts like a very mild dose of morphine (5%). So mild in fact, that most vets will add another prescription to help deal with the pain. Anti-inflammatory like meloxicam, aspirin, and other NSAID’s are the most commonly used.
2-2 What Is Tramadol for dogs Used For?.
Tramadol for dogs comes in two forms, the regular and the extended release form. It’s used for treatment of acute chronic pain. Tramadol is most commonly prescribed for dogs dealing pain from:
- Surgery / Recovery.
- Dental Pain.
- Chronic Arthritis.
- Acute Injury.
Although a Tramadol is mainly used to treat moderate or severe pain, it has a very wide range of uses, so it can be used for more than just relieving pain. The usage of Tramadol for dogs is further investigated for treating diabetic neuropathy, depression, management of acute opioid withdrawal, obsessive-compulsive disorder and management of antidepressant withdrawal, fybromialgia, restless legs syndrome and rheumatoid arthritis, as well as several other uses.
2-3- Precaution before using tramadol for dogs.
First of all, you should check if you dog is allergic to the components of Tramadol. Most drugs can cause allergies in certain dogs, so it’s always important to double check before taking any kind of medicine. You should use Tramadol for dogs to treat dogs with metabolic conditions, a head injury, a medical history of epilepsy or seizures, or withdraw and treatments with certain kinds of medications. That is why it’s important to talk to your vet, as he should know about your whole dog medical record. That way, not only he can tell you if Tramadol for dogs is the perfect drug for your canine, but he can also tell you exactly the right dose you should take.
You Should keep Tramadol in a room temperature (15 to 30 Celsius). Keep it also away from any direct sources of light, heat or moisture.
2-4- Finding The Right Dose Of Ultram For Your Canine.
You can find Tramadol all over the world, of course, under various brand names, such as Ultram, Conzip, Ultracet, Tramal, Tramacet and so on. It usually comes in the form of a tablet (regular, chewable, extended release, uncoated or low-residue), capsule (regular or extended release), powder, ampule or solution for IV injection, solution for epidural or other injection, liquid (for sub-lingual or oral usage) and other forms. It is also used as an ingredient in creams, gels and topical gels.
When you are trying to find the right dose of Tramadol for dogs, you have to max the amount on your dog’s weight. So, the optimum dosage of this drug would be 0.5 to 1.8 milligrams per pound (1-5 mg/kg) This should be taken every 4 to 6 hours, up to four times a day, depending on the pain. Of course, this dose will vary for every dog, and you should always consult with your veterinarian prior to starting any medication using Tramadol for dogs. You will need to stay in close contact with your vet in order to dial in the appropriate dose and safely monitor your dog’s reaction.
When taking Tramadol for dogs, It’s not necessary to have your pet’s stomach full or empty as it works in either case just fine.
Dog’s Weight (Pounds): Tramadol for dogs Dose (Mg):
If your dog is very painful, and you gave him the maximum dose of Tramadol (limit of 5 mg/kg four times a day); don’t use more Tramadol; just change what you’re doing to treat pain. For example, use some additional pain relievers and therapies like :
- Joint supplements.
- Laser therapy.
- Salt water therapy.
- Cerenia (Maropitant).
Using a multimodal methods to treat pain in dogs is more effective than a single one.
2-5- What are side effects of the Tramadol for dogs?.
“Tramadol” developed first to treat pain in humans, is used as the generic term to designate the brand name drug “Ultram”. Using Tamadol for dogs can cause mild side effects. They are not fatal, and should be temporary. But there are some serious side effects that dog owners need to look for.
The most common symptoms of using tramadol for dogs are trouble sleeping soundly, bowel difficulties/constipation, drowsiness, dizziness, constipation, nausea, vomiting, vision changes, and fatigue. None of these common symptoms are major issues. But if you notice a few of them together, it may be a sign that the tramadol does not agree with your dog.
More serious side effects like slow heart rate, skin allergic reaction / rash or convulsions will require emergency treatment.
Whenever you use tramadol to treat your dog, pay attention to the side effects. If they persist, talk to a vet, as they could actually be a sign of a more serious problem.
With regular visits to your vet, to monitor the impact of the drug; you can dial in the correct dosage of Tramadol for dogs. This can help relieve the pain that your dog is in with no risk.”
3- Tramadol For Dogs & Analgesics Toxicity.
Can I give aspirin, paracetamol or tramadol for dogs or humans to my Golden Retriever dogs or puppies? The answer is NON. Be careful, you should never give human analgesics such as Doliprane® (paracetamol), Tramadol, Aspirin (acetylsalicylic acid), the Advil (ibuprofen) and their derivatives to your Golden Retriever dog and all dogs in general. Because Giving aspirin, Paracetamol or tramadol for dogs can cause severe kidney failure, very serious poisoning or death.
Your veterinarian can sometimes use some analgesics as aspirin, paracetamol or tramadol for dogs but he will give you the exact dose to your Golden Retriever dog. You should never practice self-medication or give any medication, especially analgesics, to your Golden Retriever dog, without consultation with your veterinarian.
When your Golden Retriever dog ingest small overdoses of an analgesic, it can result in :
- Severe stomach ulcers.
- Abdominal pain.
- Black-tarry stool.
- Bloody vomitus
- Causing signs of vomiting.
- Pale gums (anemia).
- Loss of appetite.
With larger ingestions of tramadol your dog can develop : halitosis, kidney failure, liver failure and neurological problems (e.g., seizures, tremors) .
3-1 What should I do, If my dog ingests an analgesic as “Tramadol for dogs”?.
If you suspect your Golden Retriever dog was poisoned by analgesics especially aspirin, paracetamol or tramadol for dogs or humans; you must call your veterinarian. Also remember that the sooner the poisoning is diagnosed, the sooner you can fix it!.
You need a prescription and treatment plan from your veterinarian before giving analgesics as aspirin, tramadol for dogs or paracetamol to your Golden Retriever dog or puppies. When speaking to your veterinarian you must tell him about any medical conditions your dog or puppy suffers from as well as any medicines or supplements you are giving them.
Poison type: Medications.
Alternate names: BenGay, Icy Hot, Tramadol, Paracetamol, Oil of wintergreen, Salicylates, Acetylsalicylic Acid, ASA, Salicylic Acid, HEET, ibuprofen, Motrin, Pepto-Bismol, Pamprin, NSAID, Advil..
Level of toxicity: Generally moderate to severe.
Common signs of tramadol for dogs poisoning are:
- Bloody vomit.
- Respiratory changes.
- Black-tarry stool.
- Change in thirst or urination.
4- Conclusion : what to remember before using tramadol for dogs?.
Since Tramadol for dogs is a painkiller and can cause some dangerous side effects as well as overdosing if used in the wrong way, it is very important never to use it on your own hand. Instead, get a prescription from a vet or medical expert and make sure that it is safe for your dog to take Tramadol.
All in all, Using tramadol for dogs is a safe drug, safe and efficient enough to be sold all around the world. It also comes in several different forms, from capsules and tablets to effervescent tablets and suppositories. It is a great ally in the battle against chronic pain, and also readily available online. Couple with the advices from your vet, the right use of Tramadol for your pet can greatly increase his quality of life.
While Tramadol for dogs can help you pet a lot when he’s battling with pain, but don’t expect it to make the cause go away by itself. Instead, you need to associate it with exercises, healthy food and medication that your vet has recommended.
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